GUIDE BREEDING HEN BIOLOGICAL
Raising hens at home, allows us to collect fresh eggs, healthy and affordable every day.
The chickens are omnivores and resistant animals, which do not require a lot of dedication, although, as with any animal, it requires a minimum commitment constant.
The hens eliminate weeds and insects from the garden, they produce a good organic fertilizer concentrate and do a lot of company.
To breed hens at home, we need:
- an outdoor area suitable or fence;
- a chicken coop with nest;
- a manger with food;
- a drinking trough;
- chicks or adult hens .
There are many breeds of chickens and hens that are classified mainly according to their features as follows:
- laying hens (high egg production of large size and low production of meat);
- broilers (rapid growth and high weight as an adult , low egg production);
- chickens for meat and eggs (good production of eggs and meat).
We recommend that you choose hens for a rustic ecological farming on land.
We recommend that you provide the chickens as much free space available, bearing in mind that at sunset, generally fall alone in the hen house , to spend the night.
We can buy adult hens or chicks to see the evolution of the entire growth process.
We recommend buying pullets (females) at least 6 months from local farmers or specialty stores.
The young pullets start to lay eggs quickly, without having to wait for the complete development life cycle of chicks , moreover, in the case of chicks, is more difficult to make a visual selection between males and females.
During the first 3-4 days the hens must be kept locked in the enclosure, and inside the henhouse during the night for you to get used to their home; succcessivamente be covered by the setting sun to lean against the chicken coop at auctions, each on the own place .
Adult hens should be vacated during the whole day in the field, to feed on worms, insects, seeds, grass and minerals in the soil.
The ability to roam the earth or sand allows the chickens to get rid of parasites and mites.
In the area of ??pasture is important to ensure the absence of dogs, foxes, weasels or other carnivores that may attack the chickens , it is also recommended to close would seem to the house during the night , to prevent intrusion of these predators.
The correct feeding of chickens and hens depends on the breed, the season and the type of farming.
During the warmer months, the chickens and hens that are allowed to graze in open fields or woods, taking a large part of their diet in the wild, so we may supplement their diet with mixed cereals (wheat, maiz, etc.) in the morning and evening.
You can use organic mixed feed can be purchased in specialized shops .
Can be fed to satiety remains of food, such as fruits, vegetables, dry bread and bran mash .
The diet of hens kept in fence, must be supplemented with calcium and other minerals, which improve the resistance of egg shell.
If you want fertilized eggs to be incubated, to give birth to new chicks, we recommend you keep at least 1 rooster every 4/5 chickens.
Put some straw or dry grass in the nest, to favor the deposition always leave an egg in pencil for marking it does not pick it up.
Each hen according to race and age, produces an average of 150 to 300 eggs per year, if you do not find eggs also considered the hypothesis that the are settling in other located places (in the bushes, etc.) .
Prevent access of hens in the garden because in no time, you will eat most of your vegetables.
In case of snow, do not make the chickens out of the cage because they have a tendency to get lost; during the warmest make sure that the chickens have shaded areas in the yard and do not miss absolutely fresh water.
Visit FARMAKER products for the rearing of laying hens!