BREEDING FREE-RANGE CHICKENS
Raising free range chickens for their own consumption, requires constant effort, but allow you to save money on meat, and most importantly, improve your quality food .
To achieve a biological breeding of chickens, there should be all that is necessary and organize with people who may replace us in case of need.
During the breeding cycle, the animals must have unlimited access to fresh water, they also need to be treated with care, hygiene and attention.
Among the various breeding techniques, the method of extensive farming on the ground, is always practiced by the rural families in the courtyard of their homes.
The mixed pasture with other animals such as ducks, geese , turkeys, rabbits, horses , cows, pigs, goats , etc. is recommended as it is optimized the use of the pasture and the space available , which are not always reach too high density poultry .
The surface of pasture available must be at least 10 square meters per chicken adult and the cycle of maturation of the free-range chickens must be at least 4 months.
During the warmest periods it is recommended to allow access to shady areas like trees , canopies or shelters.
In fence or cage (locked) space available to free-range chickens must be at least 1 square meter for each animal ; still recommend locking up animals only in special cases of need , for short periods.
Chickens and hens are classified in broilers , laying hens and mixed breeds (good production of meat and eggs).
We recommend raising chickens native , more hardy and resistant to disease.
The chicks must be purchased with 1-2 days of life in specialty stores or local breeders .
The chicks will be placed in a special structure (BOX FREIDE or CAGE VITA) where they will remain until they reach at least 15 days of life.
The box will be set up with a litter of sawdust natural , its extension will be placed the manger and water trough .
The cage has already manger, ready for drinking trough and removable grill for easy cleaning (optional compact bottom).
The temperature is an essential element for survival, the approval and the growth of the chicks .
The box should be maintained at a suitable temperature during the 2 weeks of permanence of the chicks, if necessary by placing a lamp or other heating system fail.
The temperature is adequate when the chicks are distributed evenly across the box or cage ( grouped if they are too cold and if you move away from the heat source means that it's too hot ) .
The feeding of the chicks in the box consists of specific organic feed from cereals ecological shredded administered at will in the respective feeders .
The organic feed , specifically for chicks, can be purchased in stores that distribute products FARMAKER animal husbandry .
Starting from the 3rd week of life, we can transfer the chicks in the chicken coop with fence attached , where they will remain closed for at least 1 week maintaining the same diet so that they can get used to their new home .
From the 4th week during the day goes open the door of the house and yard so that the chickens are free to graze and feed on herbs, vegetables , seeds, insects, worms , fruits and berries.
This step should take care and protect the chickens from predators in the area of pasture as , foxes , weasels, dogs and birds of prey.
A large part of the diet of free-range chickens , will be acquired in the pasture , the chickens will play the typical action to scratch the ground to find worms and seeds to peck , this habit comes from the adjective " free-range " .
During the period of growth, the feeders should be filled in the morning with a mix of shredded organic cereals ( when you open the chicken coop ) and in the evening to stimulate the return of the chickens from the pasture .
The diet of the birds can be integrated with kitchen scraps (pasta, vegetable mash, dry bread, etc) and with a paste made from organic semolina.
Avoid leaving the feeders full during the night because they attract mice and rats , plus you must remember ( once back all the chickens ) to close the door of the house during the night , to avoid the intrusion of predators.
From the 12th week, our free-range chickens have reached a good weight and it will be easy to distinguish the roosters from the hens.
During this time you can select the most beautiful hens and roosters (at least one every 5/6 hens ) to be used as breeding stock, from the rest of the chickens that will be sacrificed instead not before the 16th week of life.
The hens and roosters selected will be sacrificed if necessary and replaced by other elements of future broods.
We recommend that you renew each hen and rooster with more than 3 years and interchange fertilized eggs or chicks with other breeders to reduce inbreeding breeding.
This farming system is sustainable over time and guarantees a steady supply of meat, eggs, feathers, compost ecological concentrated.
FARMAKER promotes environmentally sustainable farms in respect of animal welfare, it is recommended comply with any regulations.
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