GUIDE BREEDING EXTENSIVE OF TURKEY
This guide will explain how to raise turkeys.
Origin, descriptions and habits of the turkey.
The hen turkeys are slender, with long legs, short wings and tail.
The turkeys are common in the wild in North America and Central America.
The plumage of the female, is less beautiful and less lively than that of males, they are also smaller in dimensions than males.
Wild turkeys spend their days in larger groups, constantly moving through forest and meadows.
The turkey does not have specific requirements in terms of diet, eating herbs and vegetables of all kinds of cereals, fruits, insects and small grasshoppers, seems to have a strong preference for certain types of nuts and berries.
The time of reproduction begins in mid- February.
Females and males are separated, and also for the night, choose trees locations distinct though not far from each other.
At the call of the female masks are all approaching to it and begin courtship.
The nest consists in a slight excavation of the ground , covered with some feather.
These nests are built around the middle of April, in the most hidden to protect the eggs from predators.
Are laid , 10-20 eggs per clutch, characterized by red marks on a yellow background - dark.
The mother with care and precaution is dedicated to the care of the eggs, covering them carefully dried leaves every time he has to abandon them, if for some unforeseen circumstance the female is finally forced to ignore their own nest, goes to a second brood, while, if all shall regularly, and the incubation occurs only once during the year.
Just shell, the chicks are kept by the mother under her wings, warm.
They are then carried out in search of food.
After two weeks, the turkeys are already able to get up in the air, and begin to spend nights on the low branches of the trees.
Growth is rapid, and already in August the young are strong enough and prudent to defend against attacks of their predators.
Making a turkey farm for self consumption requires sustained efforts, however, no doubt will bring substantial benefits in terms of savings and quality meat food .
The method of extensive breeding ground, it is the most healthy and respectful to the environment and animal welfare.
To start the turkey farms should be set up a chicken coop with fence attached where they will be placed the turkey chicks .
The structure must be sufficiently spacious and ensure the welfare of animals.
You can proceed to purchase the turkeys with 2 or 3 days of life in some specialty store or from a local breeder.
The little turkeys during the first few days should be maintained at an appropriate temperature (especially at night), they may die from the cold , and if necessary to install heating lamps .
After at least 3 days kept locked up in the pen with chicken coop, small turkeys can be left free to graze, gradually , in the area adjacent to the fence with the house;
Necessary to prevent possible incursions (even day) of predators such as foxes, weasels , wild dogs and even birds of prey to protect the turkey chicks until they reach maturity.
Turkeys should be back in the hen house, in the evening hours, it is useful to fill the feeders in the late afternoon to encourage the return of turkeys in pens .
The chicken coop (with all the turkeys in it) should be closed at night and open in the morning.
In the enclosure must be at least a trough with water always fresh, during the summer it is advisable to have areas with shade (trees, canopies , etc.).
The grazing area must have a big extension as an important part of the diet of turkey is found in the fields, the rest can be powered with specific biological fodder for each growth phase.
We recommend that you fill the feeders during the afternoon to facilitate eating in the pasture during the day, it is also important to ensure the daily food amount adequate to the needs of growth.
The mixed pasture with other animals such as chickens, ducks, geese, rabbits, pigs, goats, etc.. is recommended as it optimizes the use of resources and space available, which are not always reach too high poultry density .
The diet of the turkey can be supplemented with fresh vegetables, fruit remains, mashes and nettle.
It is essential that during the day have fresh water and shade, especially in warmer climates .
The curing time is slow-growing , from birth, is at least 150 days for females and 180 days for males, from these terms turkeys have reached the proper weight and can sacrifice them.
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