Guide urban vegetable garden of FARMAKER (under development)
The horticulture sector is agriculture, which consists of all agricultural and agronomic practices for the production of vegetables.
The horticulture can be practiced as a hobby or as a professional activity .
The cultivation may take place on land or on another type of substrate, with the conventional method , biological or integrated .
The crops on earth can be divided into :
- Protected crops ( with the use of more or less heated greenhouses ) ;
- Semi-protected cultures ( with the use of protection systems not practicable as the tunnel ) ;
- Crops were not protected ( in open field )
Crops grown on the substrate instead include different materials and types of cultivation :
- Current of water (with recycling of wastewater or effluent water "to lose" ) called hydroponics
- On natural substrates ( peat bogs clear and dark )
- Of synthetic substrates ( polystyrene, expanded clay ) .
Due to the high cost of crop management on the substrate, in this type of cultivation are principally intended for the floricultural or horticultural high value .
The term horticulture , especially in the field of anthropology , it can mean a crop that does not require particular practices or the use of specific equipment , to differentiate , in the study of modes of production agriculture.
A vegetable garden is a plot of land from which, as a result of processing can be derived from fruits, vegetables, flowers, shrubs and ornamental plants .
The advent of the greenhouses has considerably improved the production of the gardens .
Both the greenhouse crops that those in the open country still require a good watering.
If you want to get a production staggered and collect always fresh vegetables is important to delay the sowing during the whole year , to increase the yield of the space is well grow vertically as far as possible , using or creating walls and fences exposed to the sun to grow climbing species type beans, peas , green beans, pumpkins, etc. . who need support during the growth phase , while others require a support in one stage of ripeness, like peppers , others do not need any support , such as salads , asparagus , artichokes, cabbage, etc. .
To take advantage of the nutrients in the soil , you should carry the so-called rotation or crop rotation, in fact alternating crops that tend to make the most of the land ( vegetables bulb , tuber or root ) with crops that release substances to the ground enrich it increasing its fertility (eg, tomatoes, legumes) or that they do rest ( eg cabbage ) , you will get the maximum performance without depleting the soil is good that each vegetable does not grow in the same place before 3 or 4 years.
The vegetable crops include annual plants that exhaust their growth cycle during the year and perennial crops, which offer abundant production that are repeated each season (artichokes , asparagus ) .
In a good soil is the presence of earthworms that produce humus , making the soil from vegetable fat and well ventilated .
Normally to ensure vegetables and legumes to an adult throughout the year should be a garden of 100 m² .
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